Factbox – Laws Discriminating Against LGBT People Around the World (allAfrica.com)

From imprisonment and hard labour to the death penalty, lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people suffer from discriminatory laws in many parts of the world.

Here’s a look at some of the most striking discriminatory legislation as of early 2015:

– Homosexual acts are illegal in 78 countries.

– In Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Eritrea and Malaysia, among others, same-sex acts are punishable with long prison terms and a hefty fine.

– In Mauritania, Sudan, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Yemen and 12 states in northern Nigeria, and in southern parts of Somalia, homosexual acts are punished with the death penalty.

– In Iran, an accusation of sodomy can be “proved by the testimony of four righteous men who might have observed it.” Iran punishes homosexual acts between adult men by death.

– Saudi Arabia uses strict Islamic law (Sharia) which prescribes that a married man found guilty of homosexuality shall be stoned to death, while an unmarried man shall be punished with 100 lashes and banishment for a year.

– In Jamaica and in the Caribbean nation of Saint Kitts and Nevis, anal intercourse, or the “abominable act of buggery”, is punishable by imprisonment and possible hard labour.

– In the United States, men who have had sex with men are not allowed to donate blood for one year. In December 2014, the Food and Drug Administration eased a decades-old lifetime ban on blood donation by gay and bisexual men.

– Earlier this year, a new road safety decree listing trans sexuality among medical conditions that could prevent a person from driving sparked panic in the Russian transgender community. Officials later clarified the decree would not ban trans people from driving. Sources: The International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association (ILGA), Thomson Reuters Foundation, The New York Times.

 – Reporting by Maria Caspani, Editing by Tim Pearce