NNA – Malaysia on Wednesday circulated a draft U.N. resolution on establishing an international tribunal that it said would guarantee an independent trial for those behind the downing of flight MH17 over Ukraine.
Malaysia told the Security Council last week that it was ready to move ahead with the proposed tribunal despite resistance from Russia, which has said the move is premature.
A draft resolution obtained by AFP calls for establishing the tribunal under chapter 7 of the U.N. charter, which means that the court’s efforts to prosecute those responsible could be enforced by sanctions.
All 298 passengers and crew on board the Malaysia Airlines flight — the majority of them Dutch — died when the plane was shot down on July 17 last year over eastern Ukraine.
After the tragedy, suspicions immediately turned to pro-Russian separatists in east Ukraine who may have used a surface-to-air missile supplied by Russia to shoot down the plane.
The tribunal would be “an effective guarantee for an independent and impartial accountability process,” the draft resolution said.
The text describes the downing of the plane as “a threat to international peace and security” and decides that all states should cooperate fully with the tribunal.
The council would “establish an international tribunal for the sole purpose of prosecuting persons responsible for crimes connected with the downing of Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 on 17 July 2014,” the draft text said.
Under the draft, the council would also adopt the statute of the new tribunal modeled after other U.N. special courts tasked with prosecuting serious crimes.–AFP